On Absolute Monarchies

Aug 1, 2011 by

Assuming that Reason should be our guiding force, we can come to the conclusion that Reason is the best form of Self-Government.  That which guides governs, and since reason comes from ourselves and not from others, it is only best to say that Reason, our guiding force, is the best form of Self-Government.  Since Reason is the best form of Self-Government, we, the members of a nation, must choose the best form of Government that best reflects Reason.  Thus it only seems proper for me to assess the different government’s pros and cons.  From the ashes of my criticism, maybe one will soar like a phoenix and show itself to be the best form. My first analysis will discuss the Absolute Monarchy.

There are two ways in which a Monarch can come to power.  The first is in a Top Down way.  This refers to the upper class, the higher ups, or the individual with the most power, telling the people who the monarch is.  Right here there is a fatal flaw which does not follow Reason.  Reason is best described, not as being right, but as being right in virtue of having weighed all the choices.  Thus, a Government does not reflect Reason when the Monarch is put there without everyone’s voice being heard, no matter how Virtuous the Monarch is.  But, there is a second path – from Bottom Up.  This is when the whole country elects the monarch.  Very few, if any, countries have had this, but it is a possibility none the less.  Now, this gets around the issue that had arisen with a Top Down Monarchy.  The opposition is allowed to run, and the people choose who they want.  This reflects Reason.

Let us get into the actual rule of the Monarch.  Here the Absolute Monarchy runs into a problem.  Reason dictates that no idea can dominate the mind and suppress the opposing ideas.  Now, an Absolute Monarchy can very well do that.  When you give one man complete control, what can stop him?  No attempt to prevent him can exist.  He controls the treasury, the police, the military, and the courts.  He can stop anyone who disagrees; he can become a Tyrant in every sense of the word.  Thus, the very fact that there is no check on power – while there are checks on ideas in true Reason – shows that Reason is not reflected in the Absolute Monarchy.  This strike against the Absolute Monarchy makes it impossible to be a candidate to reflect Reason.  To say that checks on power do not exist in other forms of government is not true.  Thus, it is clear that the Absolute Monarchy is not the best system to reflect true Reason.

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